(英文)词性列表总结

从BYU COCA语料库的词性标签页上收集来了全套的词性英文表达。最近发现十分有必要恶补一下这些已经“内化”到骨子里但却很多叫不上名儿的词性名称,因为有时候需要从语言文法的角度对项目或方案作出阐述,单纯的“noun, pronoun, adj, adv, verb, prep, conj, interjection”这些大面儿的词远远不够用的,得细化。语法时间喽~

Possessive pronoun, pre-nominal (e.g. my, your, our)

article (e.g. the, no)

singular article (e.g. a, an, every)

before-clause marker (e.g. in order (that),in order (to))

conjunction

coordinating conjunction (e.g. and, or)

adversative coordinating conjunction ( but)

subordinating conjunction (e.g. if, because, unless, so, for)

after-determiner or post-determiner capable of pronominal function (e.g. such, former, same)

singular after-determiner (e.g. little, much)

plural after-determiner (e.g. few, several, many)

comparative after-determiner (e.g. more, less, fewer)

superlative after-determiner (e.g. most, least, fewest)

before determiner or pre-determiner capable of pronominal function (all, half)

plural before-determiner ( both)

determiner (capable of pronominal function) (e.g any, some)

singular determiner (e.g. this, that, another)

plural determiner ( these,those)

wh-determiner (which, what)

wh-determiner, genitive (whose)

wh-ever determiner, (whichever, whatever)

general adjective

general comparative adjective (e.g. older, better, stronger)

general superlative adjective (e.g. oldest, best, strongest)

catenative adjective (able in be able to, willing in be willing to)

cardinal number, neutral for number (two, three..)

singular cardinal number (one)

plural cardinal number (e.g. sixes, sevens)

genitive cardinal number, neutral for number (two’s, 100’s)

hyphenated number (40-50, 1770-1827)

ordinal number (e.g. first, second, next, last)

fraction, neutral for number (e.g. quarters, two-thirds)

singular noun of direction (e.g. north, southeast)

common noun, neutral for number (e.g. sheep, cod, headquarters)

singular common noun (e.g. book, girl)

plural common noun (e.g. books, girls)

following noun of title (e.g. M.A.)

preceding noun of title (e.g. Mr., Prof.)

singular locative noun (e.g. Island, Street)

plural locative noun (e.g. Islands, Streets)

numeral noun, neutral for number (e.g. dozen, hundred)

numeral noun, plural (e.g. hundreds, thousands)

temporal noun, singular (e.g. day, week, year)

temporal noun, plural (e.g. days, weeks, years)

unit of measurement, neutral for number (e.g. in, cc)

singular unit of measurement (e.g. inch, centimetre)

plural unit of measurement (e.g. ins., feet)

proper noun, neutral for number (e.g. IBM, Andes)

singular proper noun (e.g. London, Jane, Frederick)

plural proper noun (e.g. Browns, Reagans, Koreas)

singular weekday noun (e.g. Sunday)

plural weekday noun (e.g. Sundays)

singular month noun (e.g. October)

plural month noun (e.g. Octobers)

indefinite pronoun, neutral for number (none)

indefinite pronoun, singular (e.g. anyone, everything, nobody, one)

objective wh-pronoun (whom)

subjective wh-pronoun (who)

wh-ever pronoun (whoever)

reflexive indefinite pronoun (oneself)

nominal possessive personal pronoun (e.g. mine, yours)

3rd person sing. neuter personal pronoun (it)

3rd person sing. objective personal pronoun (him, her)

3rd person plural objective personal pronoun (them)

3rd person sing. subjective personal pronoun (he, she)

3rd person plural subjective personal pronoun (they)

1st person sing. objective personal pronoun (me)

1st person plural objective personal pronoun (us)

1st person sing. subjective personal pronoun (I)

1st person plural subjective personal pronoun (we)

singular reflexive personal pronoun (e.g. yourself, itself)

plural reflexive personal pronoun (e.g. yourselves, themselves)

2nd person personal pronoun (you)

adverb, after nominal head (e.g. else, galore)

adverb introducing appositional constructions (namely, e.g.)

degree adverb (very, so, too)

wh- degree adverb (how)

wh-ever degree adverb (however)

comparative degree adverb (more, less)

superlative degree adverb (most, least)

locative adverb (e.g. alongside, forward)

prep. adverb, particle (e.g about, in)

prep. adv., catenative (about in be about to)

general adverb

wh- general adverb (where, when, why, how)

wh-ever general adverb (wherever, whenever)

comparative general adverb (e.g. better, longer)

superlative general adverb (e.g. best, longest)

quasi-nominal adverb of time (e.g. now, tomorrow)

infinitive marker (to)

interjection (e.g. oh, yes, um)

modal auxiliary (can, will, would, etc.)

modal catenative (ought, used)

base form of lexical verb (e.g. give, work)

past tense of lexical verb (e.g. gave, worked)

-ing participle of lexical verb (e.g. giving, working)

-ing participle catenative (going in be going to)

infinitive (e.g. to give… It will work…)

past participle of lexical verb (e.g. given, worked)

past participle catenative (e.g. bound in be bound to)

-s form of lexical verb (e.g. gives, works)

singular letter of the alphabet (e.g. A,b)

plural letter of the alphabet (e.g. A’s, b’s)

 

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